Written by Maria Michalopoulou
piano teacher, music educator and writer.
In ancient Greece the music has the experience necessary for the education of young people. In the early 6th century BC Solon introduced the Teachers in the education of the Athenians. Since education was for them a private matter, the children were required to attend grammar lessons, gymnastics and music driven financial capabilities of their parents. But in Sparta because of military training, provide children and music education having had a direct influence on movements in time of war.
The ancient Greeks considered music knowledge needed and whoever knew singing was accountable for suspicious ignorance. So much young age children are taught that an educated man is understood as "musician man." Plato and Aristotle in their quest for a theoretical approach to the psychosomatic effect of music, highlighted the "power of music". But the teacher of Socrates and Pericles, Damon argued that music can reflect the movements of our soul. The dual role lies in the fact that it can affect the morals of the people by acting on the passions and weaknesses; yet affects the horse part of the soul, having a therapeutic effect. So the educational and therapeutic value of music is undeniable. As part of this tradition is one and the whole ancient Greek literature, which is imbued with references to music: from mythology and the Olympian gods as Pythagoras-which he regarded as one of the four sacred sciences-and downstream Plato, Aristotle and Aristoxenus.
In summary, the Ancient Greeks were aware that the teaching of music offered to their children entertainment, right conduct and aesthetic culture, while yet impacted upon catalyst ethos and shaping character. Such was indeed the value of that part of a sacred ritual that accompanied the official celebrations in the form of musical contests.